Dr. Shagufta Rafat
Monitoring insect activity through routine surveys is one of the pathologist's key goals. Since the pest management system cannot function without precise estimates of pests and natural enemies or without accurate assessments of plant damage and its impact on yield, the knowledge about insect activity acquired through these surveys is essential. Insect resistance, insect resurgence, toxicity, and environmental pollution are only a few of the issues that have been brought on by the indiscriminate use of chemical pesticides without consideration for the financial harm to the crops. In order to determine whether to implement control measures, it is important to regularly check on the number of pests and their state in the crop. Laboratory tests were performed to assess the effectiveness of various botanicals and to determine the development threshold and duration against okra pest insects. Field studies were conducted to examine the succession of pests, seasonal incidence of various insect pests in relation to weather variables, spatial distribution, sequential sampling, and the effectiveness of various insecticides and biopesticides against the most significant insect pests of okra.
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